Ollie Bargain Outlet: BARGAIN OUTLET HOLDINGS, INC. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Position and Operating Results (Form 10-Q)
The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of our operations should be read together with the financial statements and related notes of
Ollie's Bargain Outlet Holdings, Inc.included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited financial statements and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 24, 2021("Annual Report"). As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, except where the context otherwise requires or where otherwise indicated, the terms "Ollie's," the "Company," "we," "our" and "us" refer to Ollie's Bargain Outlet Holdings, Inc.and subsidiaries. We operate on a fiscal calendar widely used by the retail industry that results in a fiscal year consisting of a 52- or 53-week period ending on the Saturday nearer to January 31of the following year. References to "2021" refer to the 52-week period of January 31, 2021to January 29, 2022. References to "2020" refer to the 52-week period of February 2, 2020to January 30, 2021. References to the "second quarter of fiscal 2021" and the "second quarter of fiscal 2020" refer to the thirteen weeks of May 2, 2021to July 31, 2021and May 3, 2020to August 1, 2020, respectively. Year-to-date periods ended July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020refer to the twenty-six weeks of January 31, 2021to July 31, 2021and February 2, 2020to August 1, 2020, respectively. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any future period and results for any interim period may not necessarily be indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year.
Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the
U.S.Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as "could," "may," "might," "will," "likely," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "seeks," "believes," "estimates," "expects," "continues," "projects" and similar references to future periods, prospects, financial performance and industry outlook. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, by their nature, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. As a result, our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include regional, national or global political, economic, business, competitive, market and regulatory conditions, including, but not limited to, legislation, national trade policy, and the following: our failure to adequately procure and manage our inventory or anticipate consumer demand; changes in consumer confidence and spending; risks associated with our status as a "brick and mortar" only retailer; risks associated with intense competition; our failure to open new profitable stores, or successfully enter new markets, on a timely basis or at all; the risks associated with doing business with international manufacturers and suppliers including, but not limited to, transportation and shipping challenges, and potential increases in tariffs on imported goods; outbreak of viruses or widespread illness, including the continued impact of COVID-19 and continuing or renewed regulatory responses thereto; our inability to operate our stores due to civil unrest and related protests or disturbances; our failure to properly hire and to retain key personnel and other qualified personnel; our inability to obtain favorable lease terms for our properties; the failure to timely acquire, develop and open, the loss of, or disruption or interruption in the operations of, our centralized distribution centers; fluctuations in comparable store sales and results of operations, including on a quarterly basis; risks associated with our lack of operations in the growing online retail marketplace; risks associated with litigation, the expense of defense, and potential for adverse outcomes; our inability to successfully develop or implement our marketing, advertising and promotional efforts; the seasonal nature of our business; risks associated with the timely and effective deployment, protection, and defense of computer networks and other electronic systems, including e-mail; changes in government regulations, procedures and requirements; risks associated with natural disasters, whether or not caused by climate change; and our ability to service indebtedness and to comply with our financial covenants together with each of the other factors set forth under "Item 1A - Risk Factors" contained herein and in our filings with the SEC, including our Annual Report. Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our public announcements and SECfilings. 14
Ollie's is a highly differentiated and fast-growing, extreme value retailer of brand name merchandise at drastically reduced prices. Known for our assortment of products offered as "Good Stuff Cheap," we offer customers a broad selection of brand name products, including housewares, food, books and stationery, bed and bath, flooring, toys and hardware. Our differentiated go-to market strategy is characterized by a unique, fun and engaging treasure hunt shopping experience, compelling customer value proposition and witty, humorous in-store signage and advertising campaigns.
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the
U.S.and global economies, resulting in business slowdowns or shutdowns, reduced economic activity, changes in consumer behavior, and changes in the mindset and availability of the labor force. We continue to monitor the impact of the pandemic on our business, including on our associates, customers, business partners and supply chain. We continue to take measures to protect the health and safety of our associates and customers, a primary concern of our management team. We have also taken measures to support the communities that we serve to address the challenges posed by the pandemic.
After the onset of the pandemic, our net sales benefited from increased consumer spending associated with federal stimulus funds for said pandemic.
this time, there is uncertainty with regard to the continuation of these stimulus measures and, as a result, there may be potential changes in consumer spending behavior or demand. In addition, we are experiencing labor pressures at both our stores and distribution centers, and we are experiencing supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and related measures. We are increasing our hiring efforts in certain impacted markets and working closely with our suppliers and transportation partners to mitigate the impact of the supply chain challenges. The potential significance and duration of these elevated costs is uncertain, and we will continue to assess and respond to current and evolving conditions. As we continue to monitor the COVID-19 pandemic and potentially take actions based on the requirements and recommendations of federal, state and local authorities, we intend to focus on managing the business for future, long-term growth. In certain circumstances, there may be developments outside our control, including resurgences of COVID-19 and, in particular, new and more contagious or vaccine resistant variants, requiring us to refine our operations. As such, given the evolving nature of the pandemic, we cannot reasonably estimate its impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows in the future. Refer to Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors of our 2020 Form 10-K for a full discussion of the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.
Our growth strategy
Since Ollie’s founding in 1982, we have grown organically by filling existing markets and leveraging our brand awareness, marketing and infrastructure to expand into new markets in the contiguous states. We expanded to 409 stores located in 28 states as of
Our stores are supported by three distribution centers, one each in
York, PA, Commerce, GAand Lancaster, TX.We believe our distribution capabilities can support a range of 500 to 600 stores over the next several years. We have invested in our associates, infrastructure, distribution network and information systems to allow us to continue to rapidly grow our store footprint, including:
• develop our merchant purchasing team to increase our access to the brand name / closing
• add members to our management team;
• extend the capacity of our distribution centers to their current level of 2.2 million
square feet; and
• invest in information technology, accounting and warehouse management
systems. Our business model has produced consistent and predictable store growth over the past several years, during both strong and weaker economic cycles. We plan to continue to enhance our competitive positioning and drive growth in sales and profitability by executing on the following strategies:
• increase our store base;
• increase our bargain offers; and
• Leverage and develop Ollie’s Army, our customer loyalty program.
We have a proven portable, flexible and highly profitable store model that has produced consistent financial results and returns. Our new store model targets a store size between 25,000 to 35,000 square feet and an average initial cash investment of approximately
$1.0 million, which includes store fixtures and equipment, store-level and distribution center inventory (net of payables) and pre-opening expenses. We target new store sales of approximately $4 millionin their first full year of operations. While we are focused on driving comparable store sales and managing our expenses, our revenue and profitability growth will primarily come from opening new stores. The core elements of our business model are procuring great deals, offering extreme values to our customers and creating consistent, predictable store growth and margins. In addition, our new stores generally open strong, immediately contributing to the growth in net sales and profitability of our business. We plan to achieve continued net sales growth, including comparable stores sales, by adding stores to our store base and by continuing to provide quality merchandise at a value for our customers as we scale and gain more access to purchase directly from major manufacturers. We also plan to leverage and expand our Ollie's Army database marketing strategies. In addition, we plan to continue to manage our selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") by continuing to make process improvements and by maintaining our standard policy of reviewing our operating costs. Our ability to grow and our results of operations may be impacted by additional factors and uncertainties, such as consumer spending habits, which are subject to macroeconomic conditions and changes in discretionary income. Our customers' discretionary income is primarily impacted by gas prices, wages and consumer trends and preferences, which fluctuate depending on the environment. The potential consolidation of our competitors or other changes in our competitive landscape could also impact our results of operations or our ability to grow, even though we compete with a broad range of retailers. Our key competitive advantage is our direct buying relationships with many major manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, brokers and retailers for our brand name and closeout products and unbranded goods. We also augment our product mix with private label brands. As we continue to grow, we believe our increased scale will provide us with even greater access to brand name and closeout products as major manufacturers seek a single buyer to acquire an entire deal.
How we evaluate the performance of our activities and our main articles
We take into account various financial and operational measures to assess the performance of our business. The main metrics we use are number of new stores, net sales, comparable store sales, gross margin and gross margin, selling and administrative expenses, pre-opening costs, profit and loss. operating, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.
Number of new stores
The number of new stores reflects the number of stores opened during a particular reporting period. Before we open new stores, we incur pre-opening expenses described below under "Pre-Opening Expenses" and we make an initial investment in inventory. We also make initial capital investments in fixtures and equipment, which we amortize over time. 16
We expect new store growth to be the primary driver of our sales growth. Our initial lease terms are approximately seven years with options to renew for three to five successive five-year periods. Our portable and predictable real estate model focuses on backfilling existing markets and entering new markets in contiguous states. Our new stores often open with higher sales levels as a result of greater advertising and promotional spend in connection with grand opening events, but decline shortly thereafter to our new store model levels.
Ollie's recognizes retail sales in its stores when merchandise is sold and the customer takes possession of the merchandise. Also included in net sales is revenue allocated to certain redeemed discounts earned via the Ollie's Army loyalty program and gift card breakage. Net sales are presented net of returns and sales tax. Net sales consist of sales from comparable stores and non-comparable stores, described below under "Comparable Store Sales." Growth of our net sales is primarily driven by expansion of our store base in existing and new markets. As we continue to grow, we believe we will have greater access to brand name and closeout merchandise and an increased deal selection, resulting in more potential offerings for our customers. Net sales are impacted by product mix, merchandise mix and availability, as well as promotional activities and the spending habits of our customers. Our broad selection of offerings across diverse product categories supports growth in net sales by attracting new customers, which results in higher spending levels and frequency of shopping visits from our customers, including Ollie's Army members. The spending habits of our customers are subject to macroeconomic conditions and changes in discretionary income. Our customers' discretionary income is primarily impacted by gas prices, wages, and consumer trends and preferences, which fluctuate depending on the environment. However, because we offer a broad selection of merchandise at extreme values, we believe we are less impacted than other retailers by economic cycles that correspond with declines in general consumer spending habits. We believe we also benefit from periods of increased consumer spending. Comparable Store Sales Comparable store sales measure performance of a store during the current reporting period against the performance of the same store in the corresponding period of the previous year. Comparable store sales consist of net sales from our stores beginning on the first day of the sixteenth full fiscal month following the store's opening, which is when we believe comparability is achieved. Comparable store sales are impacted by the same factors that impact net sales.
We define comparable stores as stores that:
• have been redeveloped while remaining open;
• are closed for five days or less in a fiscal month;
• are temporarily closed and relocated to their respective catchment areas; and
• have increased, but are not significantly different in size, within their
current locations. Non-comparable store sales consist of new store sales and sales for stores not open for a full 15 months. Stores which are closed temporarily, but for more than five days in any fiscal month, are included in non-comparable store sales beginning in the fiscal month in which the temporary closure begins until the first full month of operation once the store re-opens, at which time they are included in comparable store sales. Opening new stores is the primary component of our growth strategy and as we continue to execute on our growth strategy, we expect a significant portion of our sales growth will be attributable to non-comparable store sales. Accordingly, comparable store sales are only one measure we use to assess the success of our growth strategy.
Gross profit and gross margin
Gross profit is equal to our net sales less our cost of sales. Cost of sales includes merchandise costs, inventory markdowns, shrinkage and transportation, distribution and warehousing costs, including depreciation. Gross margin is gross profit as a percentage of our net sales. Gross margin is a measure used by management to indicate whether we are selling merchandise at an appropriate gross profit. 17
In addition, our gross margin is affected by product line, as some products generally offer higher gross margins, by our product line and availability, and by the cost of our merchandise, which may vary.
Our gross profit is variable in nature and generally follows changes in net sales. We regularly analyze the components of gross profit, as well as gross margin. Specifically, our product margin and merchandise mix is reviewed by our merchant team and senior management, ensuring strict adherence to internal margin goals. Our disciplined buying approach has produced consistent gross margins and we believe helps to mitigate adverse impacts on gross profit and results of operation. The components of our cost of sales may not be comparable to the components of cost of sales or similar measures of our competitors and other retailers. As a result, our gross profit and gross margin may not be comparable to similar data made available by our competitors and other retailers.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
SG&A are comprised of payroll and benefits for store, field support and support center associates. SG&A also include marketing and advertising expense, occupancy costs for stores and the store support center, insurance, corporate infrastructure and other general expenses. The components of our SG&A remain relatively consistent per store and for each new store opening. The components of our SG&A may not be comparable to the components of similar measures of other retailers. Consolidated SG&A generally increase as we grow our store base and as our net sales increase. A significant portion of our expenses is primarily fixed in nature, and we expect to continue to maintain strict discipline while carefully monitoring SG&A as a percentage of net sales. We expect that our SG&A will continue to increase in future periods with future growth.
Property and equipment are stated at original cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expenses are calculated over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, or in the case of leasehold improvements, the lesser of the useful lives or the remaining term of the lease. Expenditures for additions, renewals, and betterments are capitalized; expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are computed on the straight-line method for financial reporting purposes. Depreciation as it relates to our distribution centers is included within cost of sales on the condensed consolidated statements of income.
Pre-opening expenses consist of expenses of opening new stores and distribution centers, as well as store closing costs. For opening new stores, pre-opening expenses include grand opening advertising costs, payroll expenses, travel expenses, employee training costs, rent expenses and store setup costs. Pre-opening expenses for new stores are expensed as they are incurred, which is typically within 30 to 45 days of opening a new store. For opening distribution centers, pre-opening expenses primarily include inventory transportation costs, employee travel expenses and occupancy costs. Store closing costs primarily consist of insurance deductibles, rent and store payroll.
Operating income is gross profit less SG&A, depreciation and amortization and pre-opening expenses. Operating income excludes net interest income or expense and income tax expense or benefit. We use operating income as an indicator of the productivity of our business and our ability to manage expenses. 18
EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are key metrics used by management and our Board to assess our financial performance. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are also frequently used by analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate companies in our industry. We use Adjusted EBITDA to supplement
U.S.generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") measures of performance to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies, to make budgeting decisions, to evaluate our performance in connection with compensation decisions and to compare our performance against that of other peer companies using similar measures. Management believes it is useful to investors and analysts to evaluate these non-GAAP measures on the same basis as management uses to evaluate the Company's operating results. We believe that excluding items from operating income, net income and net income per diluted share that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and that may vary in frequency or magnitude, enhances the comparability of our results and provides a better baseline for analyzing trends in our business. We define EBITDA as net income before net interest income or expense, depreciation and amortization expenses and income taxes. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA as further adjusted for non-cash stock-based compensation expense. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures and may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. In the future we may incur expenses or charges such as those added back to calculate Adjusted EBITDA. Our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by these items. For further discussion of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and for reconciliations of net income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, see "Results of Operations."
Factors affecting the comparability of our operating results
Our results over the past two years have been affected by the following factors, which must be understood in order to assess the comparability of our performance and financial condition from period to period.
Historical results are not necessarily representative of expected results for a future period.
Store Openings and Closings We opened 12 and six new stores in the second quarters of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively. In connection with these store openings, we incurred expenses of
$2.5 millionand $1.5 millionfor the second quarters of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively. We opened 23 new stores, including two relocated stores, in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021. We opened 23 new stores and closed two stores, one as planned and one closed temporarily due to smoke damage from a fire at an adjacent tenant, in the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. In connection with these store openings and closings, we incurred expenses of $5.1 millionand $5.3 millionfor the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020, respectively.
Our business is seasonal in nature and demand is generally the highest in our fourth fiscal quarter due to the holiday sales season. To prepare for the holiday sales season, we must order and keep in stock more merchandise than we carry during other times of the year and generally engage in additional marketing efforts. We expect inventory levels, along with accounts payable and accrued expenses, to reach their highest levels in our third and fourth fiscal quarters in anticipation of increased net sales during the holiday sales season. As a result of this seasonality, and generally because of variation in consumer spending habits, we experience fluctuations in net sales and working capital requirements during the year. Because we offer a broad selection of merchandise at extreme values, we believe we are less impacted than other retailers by economic cycles which correspond with declines in general consumer spending habits and we believe we still benefit from periods of increased consumer spending.
Results of operations
The following tables summarize the key elements of our operating results for the periods indicated, both in dollars and as a percentage of our net sales.
We derived the condensed consolidated statements of income for the thirteen and twenty-six weeks ended
July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020from our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future. Thirteen weeks ended Twenty-six weeks ended July 31, August 1, July 31, August 1, 2021 2020 2021 2020 ( dollars in thousands) Condensed consolidated statements of income data: Net sales $ 415,881 $ 529,313 $ 868,373 $ 878,676Cost of sales 252,846 322,471 522,728 531,468 Gross profit 163,035 206,842 345,645 347,208 Selling, general and administrative expenses 110,119 109,149 214,489 198,869 Depreciation and amortization expenses 4,669 4,122 9,153 8,066 Pre-opening expenses 2,541 1,545 5,076 5,267 Operating income 45,706 92,026 116,927 135,006 Interest expense (income), net 66 (26 ) 41 (109 ) Income before income taxes 45,640 92,052 116,886 135,115 Income tax expense (benefit) 11,317 (7,331 ) 27,343 2,276 Net income $ 34,323 $ 99,383 $ 89,543 $ 132,839Percentage of net sales (1): Net sales 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 % Cost of sales 60.8 60.9 60.2 60.5 Gross profit 39.2 39.1 39.8 39.5 Selling, general and administrative expenses 26.5 20.6 24.7 22.6 Depreciation and amortization expenses 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.9 Pre-opening expenses 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 Operating income 11.0 17.4 13.5 15.4 Interest expense (income), net - - - - Income before income taxes 11.0 17.4 13.5 15.4 Income tax expense (benefit) 2.7 (1.4 ) 3.1 0.3 Net income 8.3 % 18.8 % 10.3 % 15.1 % Select operating data: New store openings 12 6 23 23 Number of closed stores - - (2 ) (2 ) Number of stores open at end of period 409 366 409 366 Average net sales per store (2) $ 1,024 $ 1,454 $ 2,173 $ 2,441Comparable stores sales change (28.0 )% 43.3 %
(1) Items may not add to totals due to rounding.
(2) Average net sales per store represent the weighted average of total net sales
weekly sales divided by the number of stores open at the end of each week for
the respective periods presented. 20
The following table provides a reconciliation of our net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:
Thirteen weeks ended Twenty-six weeks ended July 31, August 1, July 31, August 1, 2021 2020 2021 2020 ( dollars in thousands) Net income
$ 34,323 $ 99,383 $ 89,543 $ 132,839Interest expense (income), net 66 (26 ) 41 (109 ) Depreciation and amortization expenses (1) 6,094 5,653 12,012 11,063 Income tax expense (benefit) 11,317 (7,331 ) 27,343 2,276 EBITDA 51,800 97,679 128,939 146,069 Non-cash stock-based compensation expense 2,312 1,727 4,332 3,046 Adjusted EBITDA $ 54,112 $ 99,406 $ 133,271 $ 149,115
(1) Includes depreciation and amortization relating to our distribution centers,
which is included within cost of sales on our condensed consolidated statements of income.
Second quarter of fiscal 2021 vs. second quarter of fiscal 2020
Net sales decreased to
$415.9 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from $529.3 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020, a decrease of $113.4 million, or 21.4%. The decrease was the result of a comparable store sales decrease of $139.4 millionoffset by an increase in non-comparable store sales of $26.0 million. The increase in non-comparable store sales was driven by new store unit growth. Comparable store sales decreased 28.0% in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 compared with a 43.3% increase in the second quarter of fiscal 2020. In the second quarter of fiscal 2020, we benefited from increased consumer spending associated with federal economic stimulus funds for the COVID-19 pandemic and having our stores open during the quarter while other retailers were closed for a portion of the period. The decrease in comparable store sales in the quarter consisted of a decrease in both the number of transactions and average transaction size. Sales in our health and beauty aids and housewares departments significantly decreased during the quarter due to a surge of COVID-related personal protective equipment and cleaning supplies sales in the prior year.
Gross profit and gross margin
Gross profit decreased to
$163.0 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from $206.8 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020, a decrease of $43.8 million, or 21.2%. Gross margin increased 10 basis points to 39.2% in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from 39.1% in the second quarter of fiscal 2020. The increase in gross margin in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 is due to improvement in the merchandise margin, partially offset by deleveraging of supply chain costs, primarily the result of higher transportation expenses.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
SG&A increased to
$110.1 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from $109.1 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020, an increase of $1.0 million, or 0.9%, primarily driven by an increased number of stores and partially offset by tight expense controls throughout the organization. As a percentage of net sales, SG&A increased 590 basis points to 26.5% in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from 20.6% in the second quarter of fiscal 2020. The increase was primarily due to significant deleveraging as a result of the decrease in sales. 21
Pre-opening expenses for new stores increased to
$2.5 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from $1.5 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020 due to the comparative number and timing of new stores. We opened 12 and six new stores in the second quarters of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively. As a percentage of net sales, pre-opening expenses increased 30 basis points to 0.6% in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from 0.3% in the second quarter of fiscal 2020.
Income tax expense (Advantage)
Income tax expense in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 was
$11.3 millioncompared to income tax benefit of $7.3 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020. The effective tax rates for the second quarters of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 were 24.8% and (8.0)%, respectively. The variance in the effective tax rates in the quarters was primarily due to a significant decrease in excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation. The prior year effective tax rate was impacted by tax benefits due to the exercise of stock options by the estate of the Company's former chief executive officer. Discrete tax benefits totaled $0.4 millionand $30.5 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 and the second quarter of fiscal 2020, respectively.
As a result of the above, net profit decreased to
Adjusted EBITDA decreased to
$54.1 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2021 from $99.4 millionin the second quarter of fiscal 2020, a decrease of $45.3 million, or 45.6%.
Twenty-six weeks 2021 versus twenty-six weeks 2020
Net sales decreased to
$868.4 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from $878.7 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, a decrease of $10.3 million, or 1.2%. The decrease was the result of a comparable store sales decrease of $77.0 millionand a non-comparable store sales increase of $66.7 million. The increase in non-comparable store sales was driven by new store unit growth and strong new store performance. Comparable store sales decreased 9.3% in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021compared with a 20.2% increase in the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. In fiscal 2020, we benefited from increased consumer spending associated with federal economic stimulus funds for the COVID-19 pandemic and having our stores open while other retailers were closed for a portion of the period. The decrease in comparable store sales in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021consisted of a decrease in both the number of transactions and average transaction size. Sales in our health and beauty aids and housewares departments significantly decreased in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021due to a surge of COVID-related personal protective equipment and cleaning supplies sales in the prior year.
Gross profit and gross margin
Gross profit decreased to
$345.6 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from $347.2 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, a decrease of $1.6 million, or 0.5%. Gross margin increased 30 basis points to 39.8% in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from 39.5% in the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. The increase in gross margin in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021is due to improvement in the merchandise margin, partially offset by increases in and deleveraging of supply chain costs, primarily the result of higher transportation expenses.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
SG&A increased to
$214.5 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from $198.9 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, an increase of $15.6 million, or 7.9%, primarily driven by an increased number of stores and partially offset by tight expense controls throughout the organization. As a percentage of net sales, SG&A increased 210 basis points to 24.7% in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from 22.6% in the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a significant deleveraging as a result of the decrease in sales. 22
Pre-opening expenses for new stores decreased to
$5.1 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from $5.3 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020due to the comparative number and timing of new stores. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021, we opened 23 stores, including two relocated stores. During the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, we opened 23 stores and closed two stores, one as planned and one closed temporarily due to smoke damage from a fire at an adjacent tenant. As a percentage of net sales, pre-opening expenses were 0.6% in both the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020. Income Tax Expense Income tax expense in the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021was $27.3 millioncompared to income tax expense of $2.3 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. The effective tax rates for the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020were 23.4% and 1.7%, respectively. The variance in the effective tax rates in the twenty-six week periods was primarily due to a significant decrease in excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation. The prior year effective tax rate was impacted by tax benefits due to the exercise of stock options by the estate of the Company's former chief executive officer. Discrete tax benefits totaled $2.5 millionand $31.7 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021and the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, respectively.
As a result of the above, net profit decreased to
Adjusted EBITDA decreased to
$133.3 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021from $149.1 millionin the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020, a decrease of $15.8 million, or 10.6%.
Liquidity and capital resources
Our primary sources of liquidity are net cash flows provided by operating activities and available borrowings under our revolving credit facility ("Revolving Credit Facility"). Our primary cash needs are for capital expenditures and working capital. As of
July 31, 2021, we had $88.6 millionavailable to borrow under our Revolving Credit Facility and $444.3 millionof cash and cash equivalents on hand. For further information regarding our Revolving Credit Facility, see Note 6 under "Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements." Our capital expenditures are primarily related to new store openings, store resets, which consist of improvements to stores as they are needed, expenditures related to our distribution centers, and infrastructure-related investments, including investments related to upgrading and maintaining our information technology systems. We spent $8.2 millionand $5.7 millionfor capital expenditures during the second quarters of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively. For the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021, we spent $17.7 millionfor capital expenditures compared to $18.1 millionfor the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. We expect to fund capital expenditures from net cash provided by operating activities. We opened 23 new stores including two relocated stores during the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021and expect to open approximately 46 to 47 stores during 2021. However, we may experience delays in construction and permitting of new stores due to COVID-19.
Historically, we have funded our capital expenditures and working capital requirements during the year with cash flow from operations.
Our primary working capital requirements are for the purchase of inventory, payroll, rent, other store operating costs, distribution costs and general and administrative costs. Our working capital requirements fluctuate during the year, rising in our third fiscal quarter as we increase quantities of inventory in anticipation of our peak holiday sales season in our fourth fiscal quarter. Fluctuations in working capital are also driven by the timing of new store openings. Based on our new store growth plans, we believe our cash and cash equivalents position, net cash provided by operating activities and availability under our Revolving Credit Facility will be adequate to finance our planned capital expenditures, working capital requirements, debt service and other financing activities over the next 12 months. If cash provided by operating activities and borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility are not sufficient or available to meet our capital requirements, we will then be required to obtain additional equity or debt financing in the future. There can be no assurance equity or debt financing will be available to us when needed or, if available, the terms will be satisfactory to us and not dilutive to our then-current stockholders. We are not currently receiving, and do not currently intend to apply for, loans under any federal or state programs implemented as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act. Share Repurchase Program On
March 26, 2019, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized the repurchase of up to $100.0 millionof shares of our common stock. This initial tranche expired on March 26, 2021. The Board authorized the repurchase of another $100.0 millionof our common stock on December 15, 2020and a $100.0 millionincrease on March 16, 2021, resulting in $200.0 millionapproved for share repurchases through January 13, 2023. The shares to be repurchased may be purchased from time to time in open market conditions (including blocks), privately negotiated transactions, accelerated share repurchase programs or other derivative transactions, issuer self-tender offers or any combination of the foregoing. The timing of repurchases and the actual amount purchased will depend on a variety of factors, including the market price of our shares, general market, economic and business conditions, and other corporate considerations. Repurchases may be made pursuant to plans intended to comply with Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which could allow us to purchase our shares during periods when we otherwise might be prevented from doing so under insider trading laws or because of self-imposed trading blackout periods. Repurchases are expected to be funded from cash on hand or through the utilization of our Revolving Credit Facility. The repurchase authorization does not require the purchase of a specific number of shares and is subject to suspension or termination by our Board of Directors at any time. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 31, 2021, we repurchased 430,178 shares of our common stock for $35.3 million, inclusive of transaction costs, pursuant to our share repurchase program. We made no share repurchases during the twenty-six weeks ended August 1, 2020. These expenditures were funded by cash generated from operations. As of July 31, 2021, we had $164.7 millionremaining under our share repurchase authorization. Subsequent to July 31, 2021through August 30, 2021, we invested $36.4 million, inclusive of transaction costs, to repurchase an additional 464,857 shares of our common stock, resulting in $128.3 millionremaining under our share repurchase authorization. There can be no assurances that any additional repurchases will be completed, or as to the timing or amount of any repurchases.
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